Flora of Mt Taygetos

Flora of Mt Taygetos

Identify plants species

Text: A. Kaltsis
Photos: T. Adamakopoulos

Due to its high altitude, its size and its rather isolated position, Taygetos is among the top mountainous areas of Greece in terms of floristic value and diversity.

Taygetos topoguide
Taygetos topoguide: Galanthus reginae-olgae

The fragmentary botanical surveys give a number of more than 800 species and subspecies for Mt Taygetos, but judging from the corresponding works for other Peloponnese mountains it is estimated that the mountain should host more than 1200 species. Of the plant species collected from Taygetos, more than 100 are endemic to Greece, while about 20 are considered to be narrow endemic of the mountain range. This category includes the wild cranesbill Geranium kikianum from the Lagada gorge, Potentilla greuteriana from Xerovouni, the rare bellflower Campanula papillosa, the composite Jurinea taygetea, the dwarf Aethionema carlsbergii, the milkvetch Astragalus taygeteus, the catchfly Silene taygetea, the violet Viola sfikasiana, the chasmophytic shrublet Lithodora zahnii, etc.

The classical ascent to Profitis Ilias summit is an ideal option for hikers to admire the unique flora of Mt Taygetos. Enjoy a detailed description of a botanical hike to the summit of Mt Taygetos.

Taygetos topoguide
Taygetos topoguide: Teucrium aroanium

Several are the endemic plants of the Peloponnese occurring in Taygetos, which are in general difficult to spot and rare, such as the dwarf Verbascum acaule, the bell flowers Campanula stenosiphon and Campanula asperuloides, the chasmophyte Clinopodium taygeteum, the umbelifer Bubon arachnoideum and others.

Taygetos topoguide
Taygetos topoguide: Trifolium parnassi

Hiking and nature guide of Mt Taygetos

Ταΰγετος topoguide

Photos and descriptions for plant species of Mt Taygetos are included in the hiking application Taygetos topoguide, available for both Android and iOS (iPhone and iPad) devices.
The application guides the user to locate the plant typical biotope.