Flora of Kefalonia
Flora of Kefalonia
Identify plants species
The flora of Kefalonia Isl. is particularly rich, thanks to the high habitats diversity.
There are many rare plants species and among them eight local endemic species. Three of them, Viola cephalonica, η Scutellaria rupestris subsp. cephalonica και η Ajuga orientalis subsp. aenesia, have been recorded in the upper Mt. Aenos zone.
Thanks to its distinct relief, Kefalonia provides the opportunity for the development of mountain vegetation in the upper zone of the massifs that exceed 1000 meters in altitude. This vegetation is expressed in the more representative way on Mt. Aenos, which hosts mountainous coniferous forests, meadows and pastures, screes and rock complexes with rare species.
Despite being an area of intense human activity, the lowland of Kefalonia is not deprived of a notable flora, with great richness of annual wildflowers, beautiful bulbs and low herbs, dispersed among the different types of scrub covering this zone, from dense and tall maquis to typical low phryganic communities.
The vast coastline of the island creates suitable conditions for a variety of habitats: extensive sandy beaches, rocky shores, towering sea cliffs, which in turn offer a living space to plant communities of various composition.
As in almost all of the Ionian region, the combination of wet and mild winter, due to the significant rainfall and the effect of the marine element, with the typical Mediterranean hot and dry summer period, creates a wide range of microclimatic conditions on the island, which in turn favors the appearance of a notable variety of orchids with different requirements.
nature and cultural guide
The guide Kefalonia topoguide is available for Android devices along with dozens of other regions of Greece, within the general application topoguide Greece. Kefalonia topoguide is a member of the Greek Islands group. Get Kefalonia topoguide as an in-app purchase from the topoguide Greece available regions list.
The Kefalonia topoguide guide is also available for iOS devices (iPhone and iPad) through the general hiker application Topoguide Greece. Get Kefalonia topoguide as an in-app purchase via the available regions list.
It is very interesting that topoguide Greece has the ability to simultaneously display up to 15 different areas, thus allowing an overall view of the Greek Islands and the easy alternation of hundreds of hiking routes, hundreds of Points of Interest and dozens of pages of the guide with innumerable photos.